Ciprofloxacin medicine 250mg 500mg 750mg treat severe infections

Ciprofloxacin medicine 250mg 500mg 750mg treat severe infections

Ciprofloxacin medicine 250mg 500mg 750mg to treat severe infections. How much does Ciprofloxacin cost? index-china is the address of trading Ciprofloxacin in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Da Nang, Can Tho … and nationwide.

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that treats and prevents infections in various parts of the body.

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What is ciprofloxacin? Indications for treatment of Ciprofloxacin ?

  1. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that works against bacteria in the body. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of infections. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague.
  2. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics can cause serious or disabling side effects that may not recover. Ciprofloxacin should only be used for infections that cannot be treated with safer antibiotics.

Use of Ciprofloxacin

  1. Pneumonia: Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, which is the most common lung infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilusenzae.
  2. Bronchitis: Ciprofloxacin used to treat bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial mucosa caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilusenzae and some Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  3. Cystitis : Ciprofloxacin used to treat cystitis is infection of the bladder caused by E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococci, Klebsiella pneumoniae, …
  4. Prostatitis: Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of prostatitis (prostatitis that produces semen) caused by Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas and Enterococcus.
  5. Streptococcal infections: Ciprofloxacin is used to treat gonococcal infections, which is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  6. Joint infection: Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of bone and joint infections caused by Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, etc.
  7. Pneumonia with cystic fibrosis: Ciprofloxacin is used to treat pneumonia with cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease that causes thick mucus to build up in the lungs and promote the growth of bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Hemophilusenzae.
  8. Pyelonephriits: Ciprofloxacin used in the treatment of pyelonephritis is a type of kidney infection caused by E. coli, Pseudomonas aeurginosa, Enterococci, Klebsiella pneumoniae, …
  9. Anthrax exposure: Ciprofloxacin used in the treatment of anthrax is a rare but serious bacterial disease caused by Bacillus anthracis.
  10. Plague: Ciprofloxacin used in the treatment of plague is a serious bacterial disease caused by Yersinia pestis.

The mechanism of action of Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone antibiotic group (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone). It kills bacteria by blocking a bacterial enzyme called DNA-gyrase from working. This enzyme is involved in copying and repairing bacterial DNA. By blocking this enzyme from working, bacteria cannot repair themselves or reproduce. This kills bacteria and cleans infections.

Contraindicated

  1. Do not use in patients with hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin.
  2. Do not use ciprofloxacin for patients under 18 and over 60 years of age.
  3. Ciprofloxacin is not recommended in pregnancy and lactation.

Dosage and usage of Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin drug products

Image Ciprofloxacin tablet 250mg, 500mg, 750mg

Dosage recommended

The dose of Ciprofloxacin is used exactly as directed by the doctor that applies to you.

The usual doses for different types of infections treated with Ciprofloxacin are given below as a guide:

  1. Respiratory tract infections: 500mg twice a day for 7 to 14 days.
  2. Pyelonephritis: 500mg twice a day for 7 to 14 days.
  3. Prostatitis: 500mg twice a day for up to 28 days
  4. Severe gastroenteritis: 500mg twice a day for 3 to 7 days.
  5. Skin and soft tissue infections: 500mg twice a day for 5 to 10 days.
  6. Bone and joint infections: 500mg twice a day for 4 to 6 weeks or longer.
  7. Severe systemic infection: 500mg twice a day.
  8. Acute, uncomplicated gonorrhea: a single dose of 250mg
  9. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections: 250mg twice a day for three days
  10. Severe pneumonia: 750 mg twice a day for 7 to 14 days

The actual dose may be adjusted according to your age, severity of infection and how well your kidneys work. If you have severe infections and serious kidney problems, your doctor may take regular blood samples to check your recovery and make sure you are getting the correct dose.

Using

  1. Ciprofloxacin is well absorbed orally, swallowing whole tablets with a full glass of water and can be used before or after meals.
  2. Using an oral suspension (liquid), shake the bottle well before each use to mix the medicine. Use a measuring cup to consume the correct dose of medication.
  3. The highest effect of this drug can be observed within 1 to 2 hours after the dose and its effect lasts for an average of 12 to 20 hours.

Warnings and precautions when using Ciprofloxacin

  1. Tendonitis and tendon rupture: Using this medication will increase your risk of developing tendonitis or tendon rupture during treatment or several months after treatment.
  2. Drug resistance: This drug should be avoided without being able to identify bacterial infections. Unreasonable dosages may fail to provide benefits and may even cause toxicity and increase the risk of developing drug-resistant bacteria.
  3. Alternative treatment: This drug may be used to treat acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis or uncomplicated cystitis, but only as a last resort.
  4. Diarrhea: Antimicrobial therapy will cause an imbalance in the normal flora of the large intestine, which can promote the growth of bacteria called Clostridium difficile and as a result, you can suffer from severe diarrhea.
  5. Diarrhea: Antimicrobial therapy will cause an imbalance in the normal flora of the large intestine, which can promote the growth of bacteria called Clostridium difficile and as a result, you can suffer from severe diarrhea.
  6. Colitis: This drug should be used with extreme caution in patients with a history of gastrointestinal disease, especially colitis, as it can worsen a patient’s condition.
  7. QT prolongation: This drug should be used with extreme caution in patients with a history of QT prolongation due to an increased risk of worsening the patient’s condition.
  8. Renal impairment: This drug should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease due to an increased risk of serious side effects.

Ciprofloxacin side effects

Common side effects when using Ciprofloxacin include:

  1. Nausea
  2. Diarrhea
  3. Changes in liver function
  4. Vomit
  5. Rash
  6. Vaginal fungal infection
  7. Abdominal pain or discomfort
  8. Headache

Stop taking Ciprofloxacin and call your doctor right away if serious problems develop, including:

  1. Low blood sugar : headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate or feeling anxious or shaky.
  2. Neurological symptoms in hands, arms, legs or feet: numbness, weakness, tingling, burning pain.
  3. Severe mood or behavior changes: anxiety, confusion, agitation, paranoia, hallucinations, memory problems, difficulty concentrating, suicidal thoughts.
  4. Signs of tendon rupture: sudden pain, swelling, bruising, pain, stiffness, movement problems or vocalizations or pops in any of your joints (resting joints until you receive medical attention or direction) guide).

Other drug interactions with Ciprofloxacin

  1. Antacids such as: Tums, Gaviscon and Maalox contain calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide. These ingredients may bind to Ciprofloxacin and prevent your body from absorbing it and reducing its effectiveness.
  2. Anticoagulants such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) used with Ciprofloxacin may increase the anticoagulant effect, which can lead to increased bleeding.
  3. Drugs that prolong the QT interval such as amiodarone (Cordarone), disopyramide (Norpace), metronidazole (Flagyl, Flagyl ER) and procainamide (Procanbid) used with Ciprofloxacin may increase the risk of dangerous abnormal heart rhythms.
  4. Diabetes medication: Use with Ciprofloxacin may increase the hypoglycemic effects of some diabetes medications, such as glyburide (Diabeta, Glynase PresTabs) and glimepiride (Amaryl), which can cause blood sugar levels. become too low.
  5. Phenytoin seizure medications (Dilantin, Dilantin-125, Phenytek) used with Ciprofloxacin can cause the concentration of phenytoin in the body to become too low. This can lead to uncontrolled seizures in people taking phenytoin for epilepsy.
  6. Tizanidin: Ciprofloxacin may increase the sedative and blood pressure effects of tizanidine (Zanaflex). Ciprofloxacin and tizanidine should not be taken together.
  7. Some vitamins and supplements may bind to Ciprofloxacin and prevent your body from absorbing it. This may reduce the effectiveness of Ciprofloxacin.
  8. Some other drugs such as Clozapine (Versacloz, Fazaclo ODT), Methotrexate (Rasuvo, Otrexup), Probenecid, Theophylline, Ropinirole (Requip, Requip XL) and Sildenafil (Viagra, Revatio) used with Ciprofloxacin may increase the concentration. These drugs in the body and increase the risk of side effects.

Food interaction

  1. A calcium-fortified dairy or juice can bind to Ciprofloxacin and prevent your body from absorbing it. This may reduce the effectiveness of Ciprofloxacin.
  2. Ciprofloxacin may increase the effects of caffeine consumed from coffee, tea, chocolate and other sources. This can increase the risk of caffeine-related side effects such as anxiety, restlessness and difficulty sleeping.
  3. Taking Ciprofloxacin with alcohol will not make antibiotics less effective, but the combination may increase the risk of certain side effects or make the side effects worse such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, stomach pain.

Ciprofloxacin drug storage

  • Store ciprofloxacin tablets at a room temperature of about 20 ° C to 25 ° C, away from heat and direct light.
  • Store ciprofloxacin oral suspension below (25 ° C) for up to 14 days. Do not freeze the medicine.
  • Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Ciprofloxacin medicine 250mg 500mg 750mg hemorrhoidal hypothyroidism (6)
Ciprofloxacin medicine 250mg 500mg 750mg hemorrhoidal hypothyroidism (6)

Ciprofloxacin reference sources:

  1. Source drugs.com Ciprofloxacin article : https://www.drugs.com/ciprofloxacin.html , last updated on 12/13/2018.
  2. Source medicalnewstoday.com article Cipro (ciprofloxacin) : https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326020.php , updated September 5, 2018.
  3. Source medicines.org.uk article Ciprofloxacin 500 mg film-coated tablets : https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/3484/pil , last updated on June 20, 2019.
  4. Prestigious source index-china.com synthesizes the article Ciprofloxacin antibiotic 250mg 500mg 750mg to treat severe infections : https://index-china.com/ciprofloxacin-medicine-250mg-500mg-750mg/ , updated 16/3/2020.

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Note: Information about Ciprofloxacin article for the purpose of sharing knowledge is for reference only, patients are not allowed to arbitrarily use the drug, all information on drug use must be directed by a qualified physician.

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