What is Cetirizin?
Cetirizin medicine is an antihistamine, a substance produced by the body in response to an allergic reaction.
Medicines are prescribed to help people reduce uncomfortable symptoms of allergies such as runny nose, sneezing, itching, watery eyes, rash.
Medicines with the main ingredient Cetirizine dihydrochloride are highly effective in common allergic reactions.
What are the uses of Cetirizin?
The drug is used in the treatment of the following symptoms:
- Runny nose;
- Skin allergies;
- Allergic symptoms;
Drug information Cetirizin
- Drug Name: Cetirizin 10.
- Registration Number: VD-18108-12.
- Active ingredient – Concentration/content: Cetirizine dihydrochloride – 10mg.
- Dosage Form: Film-coated tablets.
- Packing: Box of 1 blister x 10 tablets, box of 5 blisters x 10 tablets, box of 1 bottle of 500 tablets.
- Expiry date: 36 months.
- Group: Antiallergic drugs (Antihistamines)
Drug dosage forms include:
How does Cetirizin work?
The active ingredient Cetirizine, a human metabolite of hydroxyzine, is a potent and selective antagonist of peripheral H1 receptors. In vitro receptor binding studies show no measurable affinity for receptors other than the H1 receptor.
What is Cetirizin used for?
The drug is prescribed by the doctor in the following cases:
- People with seasonal or non-seasonal allergic rhinitis, hay fever, or pollen allergies.
- People with chronic itching, hives caused by eating foods that cause allergies.
- The patient had allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctivitis with itchy eyes.
- Drug is also used to treat quincke edema.
Who should not take the drug?
- The drug is contraindicated in people who are allergic to Cetirizine dihydrochloride, hypersensitivity to hydroxyzine, or any of its ingredients.
- Women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding should not use this medicine without consulting a doctor. Because ingredients in the medicine can pass into breast milk and harm the health of the baby.
- Older adults need to be given a lower dose than usual, so follow the doctor’s instructions.
Dosage and how to use Cetirizin?
Dosage of Cetirizin
Dosage for adults
You give the patient 5mg-10mg of the drug per day depending on the severity of the allergy symptoms, do not take more than Cetirizin 10mg per day.
Dosage for children
You should consult your doctor or pharmacist about the dosage if you are giving this medicine to a child.
How to take Cetirizin 10mg
You should take the medicine exactly as directed on the label or as directed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.
You can take the medicine with or without food. But you need to chew the medicine before swallowing.
If you have any questions about how to take it, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
What to do in case of overdose?
- Call 911 immediately or go to the nearest local health station.
- Of course, you’ll need to keep a record and bring a list of all the medications you’ve taken, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
- If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as possible.
- But if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the scheduled time.
- Do not take double the prescribed dose.
Be careful while using Cetirizin 10mg
Drug is a prescription drug and therefore, before taking the drug to treat the disease, you should note a few things as follows:
- First, you need to tell your doctor all about your medical condition to avoid drug interactions or allergies;
- The drug can cause drowsiness, loss of concentration and reduce your ability to react, so you need to be aware of this when driving or performing activities that require attention and concentration;
- Use caution when using the drug with women who are pregnant;
- Do not use Cetirizin with women who are breastfeeding because the drug can be excreted in milk when entering the body;
- Be careful with patients with kidney failure, liver failure when using the drug;
- For the elderly, consider the dosage of the drug before use.
Cetirizine side effects
The following is a list of possible side-effects that may occur with Cetirizine.
Note: This is not an exhaustive list. The following side effects are possible but not always. Some side effects can be rare but serious.
Please consult your doctor if you observe the following side effects, especially if they do not go away:
- The phenomenon of drowsiness, the incidence of this side effect depends on the dose of the drug that you take;
- Appetite or loss of appetite;
- Fatigue, sore throat, dry mouth, dizziness, headache, nausea, increased salivation.
- Little squash;
- Anemia, anaphylaxis, severe hypotension, glomerulonephritis, cholestatic hepatitis…
- fast or irregular heartbeat;
- Weakness, tremors (uncontrollable shaking) or sleep problems (insomnia);
- Feeling restless, hyperactive;
- Vision problems.
You may also experience some side effects while using Drug. If there is any abnormality, stop using the medicine and seek medical help to prevent your condition from becoming serious.
What other drugs may interact with Cetirizine?
There are some other drugs that can interact with Cetirizine dihydrochloride such as:
- Adderall (amphetamine / dextroamphetamine);
- Advair Diskus (fluticasone / salmeterol);
- Aspirin Low Strength (aspirin);
- Benadryl (diphenhydramine);
- Calcium 600 D (calcium / vitamin d);
- Claritin (loratadine);
- Cymbalta (duloxetine);
- Fish Oil (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids);
- Flonase (fluticasone nasal);
- Lyrica (pregabalin);
- Metoprolol Succinate ER (metoprolol);
- Metoprolol Tartrate (metoprolol);
- Mucinex (guaifenesin);
- Nexium (esomeprazole);
- ProAir HFA (albuterol);
- Singulair (montelukast).
Tell your doctor about all prescription or over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, minerals, and herbs that you are taking. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.
For pregnant & lactating women
Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled trials of Cetirizine in pregnant women, so it should be used during pregnancy only when clearly needed.
Lactation: The drug is excreted in breast milk, so it should not be used by women who are breastfeeding.
How much does Cetirizin cost?
The price of Cetirizine – Antiallergic medicine 100 tablets costs 300VND/tablet – 30,000VND/box.
How to store medicine?
- You should store the medicine at room temperature, in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight.
- You should not store the medicine in the refrigerator.
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
- Do not throw medicine down the toilet or plumbing.
The above article is for reference only and is not a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment. Readers should only follow the instructions of the doctor who is treating you, Index-China disclaims responsibility if problems occur.
Reputable source ThuocLP Vietnamese: Cetirizin 10mg medicine: Uses, dosage; usage
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Tran Ngoc Anh is currently Hanoi Medical University Hospital, Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Head of Department of General-Uematology of Hanoi Medical University. Consulting doctor at ThuocLP Pharmacy.
Professional qualifications, Academic degrees – Education:
Graduated from General Practitioner System, Hanoi Medical University
Graduated with a Master degree in Internal Medicine, Hanoi Medical University
Graduated from the training program specialized in Gastrointestinal, Henri Mondor Institute Center, University of Paris 6, French Republic 1996-1997; 1999
Graduated from the training program specialized in Gastrointestinal, North Royal Sydney Hospital, Australia; 2002
Graduated from a training program specialized in chronic liver diseases, Pizza, Italy 2009
Graduated with a PhD in Gastrointestinal, Hanoi Medical University
Associate Professor, Gastroenterology, Hanoi Medical University
Training and Scientific Research:
Published more than 200 articles in domestic and international specialized journals
Editor of many monographs and participates in compiling 2 textbooks.
Guide many students and graduate students of Hanoi Medical University
Manager of many grassroots research projects
Certificate of Good Clinical Practice (GCP: 2012, 2015), Ministry of Health
Specialized certificates: General gastrointestinal endoscopy, Interventional gastrointestinal endoscopy, General gastrointestinal ultrasound, Interventional gastrointestinal ultrasound (Bach Mai BV), Chronic liver disease.